quarta-feira, 22 de fevereiro de 2012

“Pe. Martinho Gusmao: Partidu Ditador Maka La Respeita Lei”

Kinta, 22 Fevereiru 2012
By Laloran

Padre Martinho Gusmão hosi Komisaun Nasional das Eleisoens (CNE) konsidera katak, partidu Politiku sira ne’ebe iha tempu kampania la respeita lei tama iha kategoria ditadura.

Padre Martinho Gusmão kasu lia hirak ne’e no refere ba Partidu polítiku balu nebe’e sira nia lideransa la edukativu, hanesan mossu iha eleisaun geral 2007. “Partidu nune’e hakarak impoen deit nia hakarak no la respeita regras demokratika” tenik nia dehan ba Jornalista sira iha Dili, Tersa (21/02) relasiona ho eleisaun geral hia 2012.

“Lei hatu’ur ona katak, labele hateten at ema, labele insulta ema, labele provoka ema, maibe kandidatu no partidu sira kontinua halo nafatin hahalok at ne’e. Nune’e mos ho kandidatu prezidensial sira nebe dehan sira sei koalia konaba paz deit maibe kontinua iha kotuk insulta at ema. Sira dehan la’os ditadura, maibe militar atu asegura sefeza no seguransa ne’e maka ditadura fali, hau hanoin ninia lojika ne’e labele la’o hanesan nune’e,” Komisariu CNE Pe. Martinho Gusmao dehan ba jornalista sira iha Dili, Tersa (21/02), relasiona ho kandidatu balun insulta kandidatu seluk.

Padre Martinho esplika tan, sistema ditadura ninia espresaun ne’e ba ema ne’ebe maka hakarak halo at ema seluk, entaun nia dehan, iha tempu kampania maka KAPREZ no partidu politiku sira la respeita ona valores, sira maka ditadura, portantu sira iha lei nia leten, maibe liman kroat povu nia mos iha direitu atu foti medidas hanesan ne’e.

Padre Martinho kondena makaas partidu boot balun nebe nia militantes halo violensia no hakarak sobu eleisaun iha 2007, no hakarak obriga manaan deit no lakohi rekunhese lakon, hanesan Fretilin iha 2007.

Nia mos fo hanoin katak ema hotu-hotu tenki hakruuk lei no ordem, tan ne’e, kuandu liafuan ida hanesan insulta, depois hakarak kria atu ema halo violensia iha fatin kampania, labele mossu tan. CNE sei fo apoiu ba F-FDTL no PNTL bele foti medidas, tamba sira iha ona planu rasik atu netraliza situasaun no akalma violensia iha eleisaun, Pe Martinho tenik.

Nia mos koalia kona-ba operasaun parte defeza no seguransa nian iha tempu kampania atu bele oinsa halo prevensaun ba konflitus ka atu atua violensia.

Tanba ne’e nia apela ba Partidu politiku sira atu uza liafuan mamar, no kontrola militantes sira. Nia hatete lider politiku nebe la konsege kontrola militantes, ne lider nebe laiha pudor no laiha kapasidade atu jere organizasaun partidu. Diak liu mundur tiha deit atu labele kria fali ditadura iha ita nia rain, hatutan nia (tek).

Timor-Leste’s Elections: Leaving Behind a Violent Past?

Asia Briefing N°134 21 Feb 2012

This overview is also available in Tetum .


Timor-Leste’s 2012 general elections will provide an important test of the country’s resilience as it celebrates ten years of independence. The governing coalition has undertaken few of the long-term reforms seen as necessary after the 2006 crisis but increased wealth has given many a growing stake in stability. 

The outcome of polls remains difficult to predict given the breadth of the field in each poll and the weakness of issue-based politics. Successful elections will be important not just toward securing the long-awaited withdrawal of the country’s UN peacekeeping mission but also may give its leaders the confidence to confront its many challenges.

The country is markedly more peaceful than when general elections were last conducted in 2007, but many of the root causes of fragility persist. Relations among the small circle of political leaders are far friendlier, but anger over the past, particularly with regard to the 2006 crisis, remains deeply entrenched. There is a growing number of unemployed youth, particularly in Dili, and gang and martial arts group violence are recurrent problems. No one is sure how closely these issues will feed into political rivalry, but any deliberate manipulation of these frustrations has the potential to be incendiary.

The field will be broad in both polls but once again the real contest is between a handful of familiar players. After a first round of presidential polls on 17 March, two of the following will likely proceed to a second round in April: the incumbent José Ramos-Horta, current parliamentary speaker Fernando “Lasama” de Araújo, his predecessor Fran­ci­sco Guterres “Lu Olo”, or the former defence chief, Taur Matan Ruak. Twenty-four parties are poised to compete in parliamentary polls in late June, but only two look capable of winning a majority: Prime Minister Xanana Gusmão’s Congresso Nacional de Reconstrução de Timor-Leste (CNRT) and the party that headed the country’s first government, the Frente Revolucionária de Timor-Leste Independente (Fretilin). A more likely outcome is a coalition government formed by one of these two with a handful of the 22 smaller parties competing. The breadth of this competition, which includes several new parties, makes predicting the parliamentary results difficult.

Political tensions have largely been tempered in the lead up to polls and the security situation remains stable despite a small uptick in violent crime. As campaign season approaches and the political temperature rises, law enforcement capacity remains weak and this means the sources of potential security risks are many. The UN police and the small International Stabilisation Force (ISF) can help buttress crowd control and riot response, but the focus should be on other measures. Civil society groups have a role to play in helping educate voters and monitoring adherence to codes of conduct, as well as shining light on any proxy role in election-related intimidation or violence that martial arts groups could play. Public relations should be a key part of the planned joint operations centre for election security response: rumours have stoked violence and a quick-footed response by police in combating misinformation could help keep the peace. The greatest risk is the near-complete impunity for political violence: the candidates should make it clear now that such crimes will no longer be forgiven.

The UN also has a role to play. National authorities will take responsibility for administering the country’s second major polls since independence, but the UN mission should be ready to take both private and public steps in response to any serious violations of electoral regulations. One product of the UN’s thirteen-year presence in Timor is a strong sense of its mission as a guarantor of free and fair polls even if it plays only a supporting role.

Electoral violence in Timor-Leste’s short history is a symptom of embittered political rivalries that extend back into the resistance struggle and the high stakes of political competition. Relations between the small political elite will heal at their own pace, but several steps could be taken in the medium term to lower existing pressures. These include staggering the calendar for presidential and parliamentary polls in different years and encouraging the development of reliable opinion polling or parallel vote tabulation. A staggered calendar could lower tensions around both elections. Polling or quick counts could provide a reality check to the partisan fervour that characterises campaigning and remove some of the pressure on the announcement of results, historically a trigger of violence.

While polls unmarred by serious violence are a prerequisite for the UN’s departure, robust but peaceful political competition is important to the country’s long-term stability. This election has raised understandable nervousness among many Timorese of the prospects of a return to violence. Many difficult reforms since 2006 have been deferred in the fear that they might jeopardise the consolidation of stability. Successful polls should give the new government the confidence to put more hard work towards developing consensus and enacting reforms to strengthen the rule of law.

Dili/Jakarta/Brussels, 21 February 2012