quarta-feira, 29 de dezembro de 2010

TIMOR-LESTE: Sexual assault survivors face long legal delays

Dec 2010

Source: Content partner // IRIN

DILI, 15 December 2010 (IRIN) - As the number of reported sexual crimes in Timor Leste increases, survivors - mostly women and girls - must wait up to one year as their cases wind through a struggling court system.

In a recent survey [ http://asiafoundation.org/publications/pdf/549 ] on law and justice in Timor-Leste, the Asia Foundation's office in the capital, Dili, noted that the rule of law is still in transition in the half-island nation, where the court system functioned sporadically for many years following the 1999 violence that resulted in thousands fleeing.

It was only two years ago that district courts started regular operations and almost all national court actors took up their posts again.

Community justice

But with an anaemic formal justice system since 2002 - when independence from Indonesia was declared - community justice continues to reign, according to the Dili-based NGO, Judicial System Monitoring Programme (JSMP)

[ http://www.jsmp.minihub.org/ ].

"Cases are often resolved outside the justice system because police and other actors believe it is the woman's obligation to have sex with her husband, so sexual assault is not an issue to be taken further," said the NGO's international adviser in the women's justice unit, Amrita Kapur.

JSMP does not track cases resolved in the community through family and community mediation, which is where the bulk of disputes are handled, said Kapur.

But for the cases that do not make it to the police, "victim protection units" are supposed to file charges in court on behalf of survivors of sexual violence. From here, the journey to judgment can be a long one.

"What happens after a woman brings a case to the police - it is clear there are many obstacles to proceeding with the case in the court system," Kapur added.


As of 2010, there are 49 national court actors (judges, prosecutors and public defenders), an increase of 12 since 2008, but still short of what is needed, according to JSMP.

The general prosecutor's office faced a backlog of almost 5,000 cases as of 2009 - not restricted only to sexual violence - many of which were "poorly prepared by the police due to lack of legal knowledge, poor investigatory skills, a dearth of translation resources, and lack of transport funds for investigations", reported the Asia Foundation.

The head of the police victim protection unit in the southern district of Covalima, Amelia Amaral, said while the courts had been more responsive since 2008, data gathering could slow down the police.

As of August 2010, her unit had received 16 reports of sexual violence, including child abuse, domestic violence, sexual assault and incest.

"For forensic analysis, we send to Pradet [local NGO, Psychosocial Recovery and Development East Timor]. But we do not even own the digital camera we currently use for investigations. It belongs to the UN. When they leave, we lose our cars and camera," said Amaral.

The UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste [ http://unmit.unmissions.org/ ], which works jointly with local police in most districts while in others local police work alone, is scheduled to withdraw in 2012.

While lack of evidence is part of the problem, there are other hold-ups, said legal adviser Kapur.

"The police won't necessarily arrest the suspect straight away, and take a long time finding witnesses and gathering evidence. Some police believe even sexual assault should be resolved in the home. Most problems relate to how slow the investigation process is, and whether it is completed."

One year later

Elviana Alves Freitas, 24, said she has been waiting since January for a court date after she pressed rape charges in the capital against a government official in the Ministry of Justice. She accused the man of raping her at knifepoint.

"He told me he is not scared of my case because he is protected in the Ministry of Justice," said Freitas.

The accused, Mateus Du Casceicao Rocha, denies the charge.

Freitas is considered a witness to the state's case against the accused, and therefore not entitled to a court lawyer, said Kapur. Freitas had not heard of services offered by local NGOs such as JSMP and East Timor Women's Communication Forum (FOKUPERS) that provide legal counselling and accompany women to court appointments.

"VSS [victim support services] from JSMP accompany victims to give them support, which will often speed up the process, but otherwise [a] nine months to one year [wait for court judgement] is possible. Since four years ago, the situation has improved but not for all cases," said Kapur.


© IRIN. All rights reserved. More humanitarian news and analysis: http://www.IRINnews.org

“Oras ona atu sai husi Timor-Leste”

29 de Dezembro de 2010, 16:17

Tuir relatóriu husi InternationalCrisis Group (ICG), Austrália tenke hataka data ida ba retirada ninia forsa husi Timor-Leste tamba situasaun estavél ne’ebé hetan iha teritóriu laran nó Dili hatún pozisaun husi ONU.

Iha “Timor-Leste Ne’e tempu ona ba ONU atu rekua”, kritika ba estratéjia husi Nasoens Unidas nó habolu atensaun ba nasaun sira seluk ne’ebé mak kontribui ba dezenvolviemtnu Timór, ba lakon tempu nó osan iha operasaun polísia.

Misaun Integrada husi ONU 1485 iha Timor-Leste iha, la’o ho progreseivu tebes, delega ona kontrolu husi distritu sira ba autoridade lokál sira, nó iha hanesan data limite to’o Marsu tinan oin.

Austrália kontribui tiha ona durante ne’e ho hakbesik ba soldadu 400, maioria husi Forsa Internasionál ba Estabilizasaun (ISF), hanesan ba polísia 80, husi sira ne’e kuaze 50 hola parte husi UNMIT nó 30 iha formasaun nó asesoria polísia lokál.

Relatóriu husi ICG alerta katak operasaun ba manutensaun pás sei hakotu de’it iha fulan dezembru 2010, maibé klaru katak misaun ida bo’ot hanesan ne’e la adapta nesesidade husi nasaun ne’e. Prezensa husi Austrália nó Nova Zelândia tenke rekonsidera fali, tamba númeru husi elementu sei oituan loos.

Papél husi ISF dizkute ona husi parlamentár sira nó kestiona ona ninia legalidade tamba hirak ne’e duni seida’uk iha ratifika nia estatutu tuir militár. Porta-voz ida husi Departamentu de Defeza dehan ona katak Díli la fó hatene Camberra kona-ba kestoens legais iha relasaun ba ISF.

Relatóriu husi ICG hateten tán katak ONU tenke reduz kontingente militár atu para, pelu menus metade, nó atu iha akordu ida ho Díli nune´e ba limitasaun ida husi mandatu UNMIT nian.

Se akordu ne´e la iha, komunidade internasionál sei soe de´it tempu nó osan ho nune´e, di´ak liu mak ramata tiha impase ne´e se bele ho lalais. timór-oan sira halo sala, durante tina barak, konsellu husi ONU ba reforma servisus seguransa ne´ebé konserne.

Autoridades lokais sira la konsege lidar ho akontesimentus iha 2006 (ne´e halo tropas Australianas sira fila fali) nó 2008 bainhira iha tentativas asasinatu nian kontra hasoru primeiru-ministru Xanana Gusmão nó Prezidente José Ramos-Horta.

Porta-voz husi UNMIT Carlos Araújo dehan ona katak kestaun ba redusaun das forsas polisiais ne´ebé servisu iha Konsellu de Seguransa ONU nian nó governu timorense.

Fonte: The Australian


Terça-feira, 28 de Dezembro de 2010

Written by Naza - Tuesday, 28 December 2010

CRC Online, Presidente RDTL Dr.Jose Ramos Horta hateten katak, tinan 2011 hanesan tinan reflesaun ba Governu AMP, tamba ne'e Presidente husu ba Governu atu halo reflesaun hodi ba sira nia Servicu ne'ebe Durante Governu ne'e nia Ukun, dehan Chefe Estado Iha Centru Convensaun Merkado Lama Foin Lalais ne'e.

Chefe Estado Jose Ramos Horta Afirma tan katak, ita ida–idak tenki halo ezame konsiensia ho oportunidade ne'ebe ita uza durante tinan hirak ne'e nia laran liu–liu meius ida ne'ebe diak, hodi nune bele seriadade, integridade no servisu makas hodi bele iha prudencia para bele hametin no hadia Dezenvolvimento iha nasaun ne'e nia laran.

Iha parte seluk Chefe Estado reafirma liu tan katak, konfianca ne'ebe mak povu fo ba Governu dala ida deit laos Tinan–Tinan, tamba ne'e husu ba gerasaun foun atu bele iha kooperasaun ba malu nafatin, hodi hetan mos oportunidade.(Naza).